Division of Domestic Data

Division of Domestic Data

By Thomas James Lodato

The Division of Domestic Data is a speculative design project that explores the nature of property and social connectivity in the context of divorce.

##Background##

When filing for divorce in Fulton County (Atlanta, Georgia, USA), an Automatic Domestic Standing Order goes into effect for “all cases which are filed in the Family Division of the Superior Court of Fulton County and remains in effect as long as the case is pending.” 1 While some of the articles relate to the procedure of the open case (e.g. obligatory appearance in court), the Automatic Domestic Standing Order of Fulton County primarily serves the purpose of maintaining any and all current domestic responsibilities. Maintenance of responsibilities means preventing either party listed in a divorce case from certain actions related to shared property, children, or benefits.

Automatic Domestic Standing Order of Fulton County: Article 5 (left) and Article 6 (right)

Articles 5 and 6 of the Automatic Domestic Standing Order form the basis for the project. Article 5 reads:

“Each party to a divorce or separate maintenance action is hereby enjoined and restrained from selling, encumbering, trading, contracting to sell, or otherwise disposing or removing from Fulton County, any of the property belonging to the parties except in the ordinary course of business.”

The term property refers to movable physical property—things that take up space and have value, monetary or otherwise. While one might possess digital things, such as mp3 collections or digital photos, these types of possessions are not considered property. In short, a computer is property, while its files (save registered intellectual property) are not according to the Automatic Domestic Standing Order. As many possessions have become digital, Article 5 presents an issue for how to account for possessions that have value and can be owned, yet are not physical; that is, how to account for digital property.

Article 6 reads:

“Each party to a divorce, custody, separate maintenance or modification of support action is hereby enjoined and restrained from altering, suspending or terminating any active insurance coverage.”

Like other provisions, Article 6 ensures that existing responsibilities are maintained. A spouse cannot cancel any car, health, or life insurance without being in violation of this standing court order, and so in contempt of court. We can understand Article 6 as a guarantee against undue burden. Since insurance is compulsory in many instances 2, canceling said insurance conscripts another into purchasing new insurance. However, services outside of insurance are, in many ways, compulsory as well. As many professions and schooling require internet connectivity and/or mobile phones, cancellation of these services might also be viewed as undue burden. Here again the Automatic Domestic Standing Order presents an issue with regards to digital things: how might the cancellation of others services (i.e. mobile phones, internet, or electricity) be accounted for by the Automatic Domestic Standing Order?

##Framing##

Given the discussion of Article 5 and 6 of the Automatic Domestic Standing Order of Fulton County, the project speculates:

How would provisions within an Automatic Domestic Standing Order accommodate shared digital possessions, services, and infrastructures during the process of divorce?

While this question could be answered in a very direct way, the project explores the way digital objects—files, folders, profiles, servers, queries, and so on—might become expressive of the local, state, or federal rules around the contractual obligations of marriage and the litigious implications of dividing property during divorce.

A new Automatic Domestic Standing Order
How would digital property and digital infrastructure be handled in the event of a divorce?

Speculating on these implications probes larger questions within digital media scholarship about the ways digital and computational technologies are understood—and so regulated and made expressive—as part of everyday life. Divorce provides a microcosm for discussion about:

the nature of possessions and possessing in a digital era

bureaucratic processes in an era of open government

sociality (and forgetting) in an era of mediated social networks

The seal for the Division of Domestic Data

The project does not attempt to answer any questions. Instead the goal is to explore pressure points in and amongst the process of divorce that highlight these contested and flexible territories with regards to the digital. The Division of Domestic Data focuses primarily on the mundane and bureaucratic aspects of divorce by looking at how digital objects might be labeled and controlled through algorithmic and procedural means.

During divorce, financial assets are often placed in escrow while their division is being determined. How would digital assets be placed in escrow?
How might files be designated as a product of divorce?
How might vital infrastructures be protected during the transition of divorce?

##Outcomes##

The Division of Domestic Data consists of three outcomes: an icon set, a series of informational documents, and a series of situating sketches. These outcomes were produced using a research-through-design methodology: deep immersion in the contemporary processes of divorce, cataloging of existing icons related to relationships and digital property, and iterative icon and scenario design.

###Icon Set###

The icon set focuses on the various states of digital property, services, and systems that allow for disconnecting, disentangling, or dissolving relational assets. One subgroup consists of icon badges that reflect the current state of files, images, and collections to be disassociated. Another subgroup accounts for services and systems that mediate disassociation, such as escrow servers or property disclosure algorithms.

Vital infrastructures.
Badge to mark shared digital assets that need to be disclosed during the discovery process (left); icon for digital escrow (center); seal to mark a protected wireless network (right).
Badge for jointly owned assets (left); badge for jointly synced assets (center); badge for jointly viewable assets (right).
Badge for assets that are able to be possessed but not viewed (left); badge for mutually deleted asset (center); badge for asset with transferred ownership (right).
Badges applied to various standard computer file types.

###Informational Documents###

Extrapolating from the current state of divorce within Atlanta (Fulton County, GA), the project includes updated informational documents currently used during the divorce process. An updated Automatic Domestic Standing Order accounts for protections of digital possessions and services. A state-sponsored informational pamphlet explain the divorce process under these new protections.

Division of Domestic Data public service pamphlet (side A).
Division of Domestic Data public service pamphlet (side B) with diagrammatic representation of digital property discovery, separation, and escrow.

###Situating Sketches###

The sketches illustrate the various icons and ideas in context on social media and on local systems.

Local folders during the process of divorce.
Instagram compliance with DDD-EULA agreement.
Various actions within Instagram.

##Process Sketches##

Collection of existing icons (1 of 3).
Collection of existing icons (2 of 3).
Collection of existing icons (3 of 3).
Notebook sketches (1 of 3).
Notebook sketches (2 of 3).
Notebook sketches (3 of 3).
Early digital sketches.
Syncing (left); escrow (right).
Process document for file badges.
Discovery (left); shared file types (right).
Sketch for algorithmic face blocking in online photo galleries. The handwritten note read: "This is a picture of your ex."
Protected infrastructures (left); locked from view for one or both parties (right).
Image showing relationship status dropdown menu on Facebook.
Early sketch for a PHP-based relationship cookie.
Notebook sketches for discovery/disclosure icons (left); discovery/disclosure of shared assets (right).
Storyboard sketches (1 of 2).
Storyboard sketches (2 of 2).
Discovery and escrow servers (left); transferred and deleted shared profile (right).
From escrowed to dividing/unshared assets (left); process document of unsharing icon (right).
Protected wifi sketch (left);protected wireless and bluetooth, alternate (right).
Protected wireless and bluetooth (left); protected wifi sketch (right).
  1. Automatic Domestic Standing Order 

  2. Currently, health and car insurance are compulsory.